The two most important genetic conditions that breeders must manage responsibly in their breeding programmes, are vaginal hyperplasia (VH) and hip dysplasia (HD).
There are three grades of vaginal hyperplasia:
Grade 1: No tissue protrudes from the vulva, and only an internal examination can confirm the condition.
Grade 2: Fleshy pink tissue protrudes from the vulva.
Grade 3 (vaginal prolapse): The entire vaginal lining is enlarged and protrudes from the vulva.
SABBA recommends that breeders use bitches with a VH grading of Grade 1 or better, in their breeding programmes. Grade 1 is also the criterion for entry in the stud register. The Association further recommends that buyers and breeders always insist on a copy of a bitch’s VH examination report when buying a puppy, or servicing a dog. A registered veterinarian should do examinations for vaginal hyperplasia during the heat cycle – preferably between day 8 and 13.
Vaginal hyperplasia examination report
Further reading on vaginal hyperplasia and other genetic conditions: Pretorius A. The Boerboel – South Africa’s own. 2007.
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